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Traditional Arts & Crafts


Panpu (Wood Carving)
It is a pity that many examples of the true genius of Myanmar wood carvers have suffered in the course of time but, fortunately, some of the most exquisite woodcarvings still survive in monasteries and pagodas.

Panpe (Blacksmith)
Myanmar's blacksmith craft dates back to the Bagan era of the 11th century. Blacksmiths created armour, weapons, agriculture implements, and household utensils.

Pandain (Gold/Silversmith)
In antiquity, royals, nobles and the wealthy used gold and silver utensils as status symbols. Silver items such as vases, trays, silver Buddha statuettes were also used for religious purposes. The art of making gold leaf is a renowned Myanmar craft. Gold leaf is popularly used by Buddhist devotees and is pasted on Buddha images as part of their offerings. The process of pounding gold nuggets between layers of leather to get paper-thin gold foils is an intricate art, which is mos prevalent in Mandalay.

Pantin (Coppersmith)
Patin, like other crafts, can be traced to the Bagan era and it subsequently developed in the Bagan and Ava period. Popular copper items include Buddha images, gongs, bells, and round cattle bells.

Pantaw (Stucco Carving)
Huge images of Buddha were carved out from big, single alabaster blocks. High quality marble is quarried from the Sagyin hills north of Mandalay. The most venerable alabaster image is the Kyauktawgyi Buddha Image at the foot of the Mandalay hill.

Pantamaw (Stone Sculpture)
The plaques depicting the life of Buddha found at the Ananda Pagoda, Bagan, are some of the finest stone sculptures in Myanmar. The carving of Buddha images from stone has become an important craft because, after all, every pagoda, monastery, and household has at least one Buddha image.

Panyan (Masonry)
Archeological findings at the old sites of Beikthano, Hanlin and Srikshetra have unearthed high standard Myanmar masonry work.

Panput (Turnery)
The turner produced items of diverse shapes such as boxes, bowls, containers, beads, and kitchen utensils. Now this craft thrives mostly because of the tourism industry.

Panchi (Painting)
In early Konebaung era, the paintings marked the transition from Myanmar traditional flat painting to western styles of perspective and tones.Blue colour was generously used and the paintings recorded the lifestyles, entertainment and scene of that era.

Panyun (Lacquerware)
Lacquer ware is one of Myanmar's most intricate crafts. Most of the traditional Myanmar lacquer ware is of a unique terracotta colour, and scenes from the Jatakas (the Buddha's former existence) are etched on the surface and filled in with green pigment.